The Tambourine is a percussion instrument made out of plastic or wood with metal jingles built in the frame. The tambourine can be made with or without a drum head and can come in many different shapes (although the most common shape is round.) The Tambourine is played many different ways, some of the ways are shaking, stroking, or striking. There is also an advanced technique used to play the tambourine called the thumb roll where players will take their finger or thumb and run it across the head of the tambourine to create a fast jingle sound.
The tambourine was originally from Portugal and brought to Brazil by Portuguese settlers. The tambourine is played in many forms of music including jazz and classical.(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tambourine)
Below is an example of the tambourine being played: